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A SURVEY OF THE PROBLEMS OF TEACHING RESOURCES IN SOCIAL STUDIES AT THE POST PRIMARY SCHOOL LEVEL

SOCIAL STUDIES

A SURVEY OF THE PROBLEMS OF TEACHING RESOURCES IN SOCIAL STUDIES AT THE POST PRIMARY SCHOOL LEVEL

A SURVEY OF THE PROBLEMS OF TEACHING RESOURCES IN SOCIAL STUDIES AT THE POST PRIMARY SCHOOL LEVEL IN EKITI STATE, EKITI STATE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA  AS A CASE STUDY

ABSTRACT
The role of effective social studies education is very important in the preparation of pupils or youth for citizenship education in a democratic society like Nigeria.
Hence, the introduction of social studies into school curriculum is seen as a means of understanding the society, the diversity of its people cultures.
In this study therefore, effort were made to survey the problems of teaching resources in social studies at the post primary school level in Ekiti East Local Government Area of Ekiti State
A likest type questionnaire was used to collect data from three post primary schools in the study area. Seventy teachers of these disciplines were randomly selected from the study.
After the collection of data and analysis, some major findings revealed that:
Majority of post primary schools in Ekiti East Local Government don’t posses adequate teaching resources in their schools.
It was also discovered that majority (about 78%) of the teachers perceive social studies education as any of the social sciences disciples which means that it will be difficult for them to pick for use necessary teaching resources like good library for social studies textbooks, charts etc  and even a special social studies laboratory for works or arts and artifacts.

HOW TO GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

CHAPTER ONE
1.1 Background of the study
As a subject, social study is relatively new in the curriculum of schools in the country (both primary and secondary schools).
Apart from this the status of the subject is yet to be properly established in the curriculum of senior secondary school as it is only presently being study an examinable subject in the primary and junior secondary schools.
While some see the subject as an amalgamation of the existing social science subjects. Others see it as a discipline that stands on its own and which deserves a place of its own in the curricula of the schools.
However, this discipline has some problems in its teaching learning processes one of such problems is that of teaching resources to be used by the teachers.
Most social studies teachers in post primary schools don’t know the type of teaching resources to use   in their teaching of this level of education, because the subject, “social studies” is recently introduced into the junior secondary school curriculum.
According to Obilo et al (1985), “teaching resources are those resources used for easy understanding of students in the teaching and learning of social studies in the classroom setting”.
In all, teaching resources are those aids to involve the student’s attention and to promote quick understanding of a particular subject or topic.
In view of this, it is envisage that teachers will realize that the effectiveness of classroom instruction significantly depends upon realizing the role of teaching resources.
Secondly, some teachers feel that social studies can be taught without teaching resources.
Such teachers throughout the whole school years of about forty weeks. Come to class and simply talk and talk without involving the students in any of the classroom activities and without involving the students in any of the use of teaching resources.
Furthermore, it is also pertinent to add that, the modern trend in education is to view teaching resources from the perspective of providing direct purposeful experience for the learner’s and the teaching of social studies in secondary schools in Nigeria

1.2   Statement of the problem
The obvious results of failure to use teaching resources are that the task of teaching and learning of social studies is made difficult. The students and even the teachers find it uneasy. Hence the students, loose interest in the subject, thereby causing mass failure and lower pass mark in the subject.
It is therefore the researcher’s intention to examine the problems of teaching resources in social studies at the post primary schools level in Ekiti East local Government Area of Ekiti State.

1.3   Nature and scope of social studies
The nature and scope of social studies has been viewed by authors as part of the problems facing the subject. For instance, Obemeta (1982) state that social studies is made up of different subjects and those subjects have different method of teaching them.
Speaking further, he asserted that, what social studies is has not been well defined.
Today, almost all goes into the syllabus of social studies. The nature and scope of social studies are also diverse, complex and subject with broad mind, critical evaluation and understanding.

1.4 Objective of the study
The main objectives gives this study the ability to focus attention particularly on the problem of teaching resources in social studies and how best they could be used to alleviate the pupils difficulty in learning this subject at the post primary shools especially in Ekiti State.
In another development, the researcher hopes that this study will help the social studies teachers, pupils and other agencies connected with the provision of teaching resources in post primary schools to address themselves to the problem of inadequacy of teaching resources with the view to finding appropriate solutions to the neglect of these resources in the study of social studies in our schools.
1.5 Scope and Limitation of the study
This survey is limited in scope to the study of the problem of teaching resources in social studies at the post primary school level in Ekiti East Local Government Area of Ekiti State.
It does not consider other aspects of social science.
It does not cover other parts of the state.

1.6 Definition of Terms
Teaching Resources: – these are concrete and non-concrete objects which the teacher can use to make his or her lessons more practical meaningful and permanent. Teaching resources vary in types, shapes and colours. Some of them are stationary, that is not movable such as the wall many of them are not movable such as radio, television, photography, maps, pictures, tape, recorders, to mention a view.
Social Studies :-  this is a subject that studies man and his various environment
Curriculum:- The content of classroom subjects and outside activities to which people are exposed.

1.7 Significance of the Study
This research work is significant in many ways. It will enable the teacher to know the problems of teaching resources in the study of social studies in post primary schools.
The study will also reveal the extent to which teachers use instructional materials in their lessons at this level of education.
There is no doubt that the research work will serve as reference source to others who may be engaged in similar study at the primary and tertiary levels of our educational.

1.8 The Obstacles of the study
Some of the teachers approached for information did not corporate fully.
Time factor did not allow the researcher to cover other areas of the state for these are other that this problem of teaching resources is still affecting.
Inadequate reference materials in the public/state library where enough information could be collected.
The available reference materials in the public/state library are not adequate on the teaching resources.
There was the problem of transportation to cover all schools in the study area due to fuel crisis.
There are some areas that the research needs t cover but due to the problem of transportation it was not possible.

HOW TO GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

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