A PROJECT MATERIAL ON THE ATTITUDES OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS TOWARDS LEARNING AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AS A COURSE OF STUDY IN ADO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EKITI STATE
This study was carried out to investigate the attitudes of secondary school students towards learning agricultural science as a course of study in Ado Local Government Area of Ekiti state.
The major purpose of the study among others includes the following.
- Finding out the likely causes of low number of students studying agricultural science in secondary schools.
- To ascertain if there is any government policy that might influence student’s attitudes towards learning agricultural science in secondary schools.
Find out if there is enough equipment and facilities for teaching and learning agricultural science in schools.
It is suggested that agricultural science be made more interesting to the students in the secondary school.
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
ACCORDING TO FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION (FAO)
Nigeria is an agrarian country because agriculture is the main occupation. Over 70% of the nation’s population engages in agriculture.
In addition, Nigeria is endowed with favourable climate and abundant fertile soil which supports the practice of agriculture.
Agriculture is the backbone of a stable economy and it’s importance particularly in developing nation’s of the world cannot be over emphasized just as it was in Nigeria content before the discovery of problem when it was the greatest foreign exchange earner. A healthy well feed nation is a strong nation.
This has promoted both the state and federal government of Nigeria to formulate policies that will not only sustain but improve agriculture production.
What has been operating in the country before 1982 was the Grammar School system that appeared to ignore practical agriculture thus causing youth unemployment. This can be attributed to the youth unemployment. This can be attributed to the lack of esteem given to skills in doing, making designing and manufacturing, compared with the high esteem given to liberal studies.
The attitudes of students and the society towards agriculture can affect the achievement of the objectives of the National policy on education. It is expected that the 6-3-3-4 systtem of education will perform the same miracles as it did in developed countries.
Since the government and the general public are committed to the success of the new system of education. Its necessary to determine student’s attitudes towards training in a vocational course of study such as agriculture.
There has been great bias against vocational education especially agriculture by the Nigeria society (Akinsehinde, 1980).
In 1876, the Roman Catholic mission established an agricultural school at Tope in badagry and several schools of vocational training were established in the country (Balende, 1976).
Secondary schools students in Ado Local Government Area like their counter parts in other parts of the state have different attitudes towards learning agriculture. They study some interest for those they study with some relatives difficulties.
Agricultural science unlike other subject does not have only the ordinary academic difficulties but has in addition other hurdles like manual works. Most of our youths shun agriculture and neglect the practi8cal aspect due to the fact that most youths are inclined to leisure.
The students do not embrace practical agriculture with the result that overall grate? In the subject matter are often known?
Despite the fact that Nigeria is predominantly an agrarian country, it cannot feed her population. The various governments in Nigeria have been trying some programmes in order to boost food production. Operation Feed the Nation (OFN) initiated in 1976 during General Olusegun Obasanjo regime. The Green Revolution initiated in 1981 by Alhaji Usman Shehu Shagari, Operation self sufficiency was initiated by General Ibrahim Gbadamosi Babangida during his tenure of office.
Emphasis was laid on the teaching of agricultural science in Secondary School. Agricultural science in the Secondary Schools was introduced into Secondary School curriculum immediately after the country’s independence in 1960 (Oguniola, 1976). This is intending to provide materials needed for laying a solid foundation and developing ii the students at an early stage the basis skill for agriculture and self sufficiency.
In today’s secondary educational system, agricultural science is not larger accorded the top priority is used to have in those days.
Statement of the Problem
Agricultural science has an important role to play in private and public business and if severally maintained it would be the main stay of the livelihood of the people in Ado local government area and indeed the economy of Nigeria as a whole.
According to Food and Agriculture Organization in 2013 (FAO) claimed that it has however been observed in the past some of the agricultural science teachers have not been so friendly with the students. They are too rigid in decision making, for instance, a degree holder in forestry and botany handling agricultural science in secondary school may lack the ethic of agricultural education in the subject successfully. Also, his method of teaching may be defective even though he may know the subject matter. Above all, Agricultural science is practically oriented.
It has been observed that many students have refused to show enthusiasm in the subjects. They even regard it as a dirty work to its drudgery especially if done manually. The study therefore attempts to investigate students attitudes towards learning of agricultural science in secondary in Ado local government area of Ekiti state.
Objective of the Study
The main objectives of the study is to find out student’s attitudes towards learning agricultural science in secondary schools. The specific objectives include:
- To identify the factors that influence student’s attitudes towards learning of agricultural science in secondary school in the study area.
- To determine how well agricultural science is being taught in the secondary schools.
iii. To identify the problems our secondary schools encounter in the teaching and learning of agriculture.
- To provide useful solution to the problems identified.
Significance of the Study
The result of this study will be of great importance to both teachers, parents, students and the country in general.
This study will give useful information about how the local government can plan out best agricultural science can be taught in the secondary school system so that system so that students will benefit from agriculture.
Their study will provide useful information to future studies on related on topic in the study area.
It will also highlight the need for more specialized teachers of agriculture as a subject which will enable them to study it in past secondary school or in higher institution.
The study is significant in the sense that it will remove the wrong impression that those people practicing agriculture are poor and illiterate and it will enable the agricultural science student to have respect for agricultural profession.
This study will answer the following questions
- What are the attitude of learners towards agriculture science in secondary schools in the study area?
- Is there any government policy that is responsible for the attitudes of students towards learning agricultural science in secondary school?
iii. Does the qualification of agricultural teacher affect the attitudes of students?
- Does unavailability of agricultural teachers affect the attitudes of students?
v.What can be done to influence positive attitude of students towards learning agricultural science?
Scope of the Study
The study concentrates on the attitudes of students towards learning agricultural science in secondary schools in Ado local government area of Ekiti state.
The samples used in this study, the following was restricted to student in J S S3 and SS 3.
Assumption in the Study
For the purpose of the study, the following assumptions are made.
- Not all the science have enough qualified teachers to teach agricultural science effectively.
- Not all the schools have agricultural laboratory.
iii. Not all the schools have support for agriculture.
- Some principals might hesitate to give accurate response to quaestions.
Operational Definitions of Terms
Agricultural science: The science involved the cultivation of land, raising of livestock animals for the purpose of producing food for man, and raw materials for our industries. It also involves the science of the processing and marketing of crops and animals.
Atttitude: This is the way of feeling, thinking or behaving towards something.
OFN: Operation Feed the Nation.
FAO: Food and Agricultural Organization; this is the invited nations agency concerned with the international organization of food and agriculture.
Sample: It is the proportion of population selected for observation and analysis with a view to making inferences about the population.
Research: Investigation undertaken in order to discover new facts yet additional information.